The National Health Information Systems (Hekma)

The National Health Information Systems (Hekma)

Health information will be comprehensive and will cover all medical and financial information and its sources will come from the following systems:

  • The Unified Electronic Medical Records

There are internal information systems within hospitals, which are separate from each other. Therefore, the design of the National Unified Health Dictionary system was aimed at unifying medical terms and terminology, which is the basis for the medical information repository, which will collect information on every person in Bahrain from different health sources into a unified medical file that can be accessed by the licensed treating doctor at their place of work in any reviewed healthcare establishment. This means monitoring the performance of doctors and their compliance with using guidelines, quality standards, and ways of treating medical cases according to the Quality Committee's guidelines. It also shows the extent of work in each healthcare establishment and monitoring the outputs of treatment, and prevents repeating recent tests or repeating the recent dispensing of medications. This information repository also includes financial information and other information specific to the health sector.


  • Health insurance information system

 It is a system through which healthcare providers (hospitals, clinics, and healthcare centers) submit claims for medical expenses to the health insurance fund and insurance companies. This requires completing specific forms that have been agreed upon in advance, which detail the type of service provided, the diagnosis, the tests performed on the patient, the length of the patient's hospital stay, the procedures performed, and all the amounts required from the healthcare service buyer. The system verifies the information for completeness and accuracy in accordance with the insurance system to detect any accounting errors or repeated fraud cases, then passes the transaction to the payment entity (the fund or insurance companies), which are paid through the system, making the system a precise source of overall health spending in the kingdom, both in the public and private sectors, and direct spending by individuals, creating comprehensive information for controlling health sector spending.


  • Pharmaceutical Management System

It is a system for registering all medicines in the kingdom from the time they enter the kingdom to their distribution to pharmacies and hospitals until they are dispensed to the patient according to a prescription, providing safety assurance for the use of medicines in terms of alerting the doctor or pharmacist about the dose and the interaction between different medicines and sensitivity if present in the patient. The system also allows for dispensing of prescriptions for out-patient clinic referrals from private pharmacies outside of government hospitals. The system provides comprehensive monitoring of medication dispensation among all service providers, and pharmacies issue electronic invoices to the service buyer (guarantee fund and private insurance companies) to pay the fees according to the contracts agreed upon between the parties, making the process of dispensing medicines for citizens and residents easier when the system is implemented.


  • Smart Electronic Unified Medical Stock Reporting SystemIt is a system that can extract the necessary reports and information from previous systems mentioned to use in decision making, planning and health policies based on proven facts and evidence.